PERM Timelines Demystified: What to Expect During the Application Process

Processing Time

Navigating the path to employment-based permanent residency in the United States is a complex process, with the Program Electronic Review Management (PERM) process at its core. Understanding the PERM timelines is crucial for applicants and employers alike. In 2024, the PERM process has undergone several changes, influencing the perm processing time, perm current processing time, ETA 9089 processing time, perm waiting time, and overall perm timelines. This article aims to demystify these timelines, providing a clear understanding of what applicants can expect during the application process.

Processing Time

Understanding the PERM Process

The PERM process is a system used by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) to process labor certifications, a necessary step for many employment-based green card applications. This process ensures that hiring a foreign worker will not adversely affect the job opportunities, wages, and working conditions of U.S. workers.

Overview of PERM Timelines in 2024

In 2024, the PERM timelines have been impacted by various factors, including policy changes, application volumes, and technological advancements in processing systems. These factors have influenced the perm processing time 2024 and the perm current processing time.

Key Stages of the PERM Process

  1. Pre-Filing Stage:
    • Recruitment: The employer must conduct recruitment activities to ensure no qualified U.S. workers are available for the position. This includes posting job advertisements in various channels.
    • Prevailing Wage Determination (PWD): The employer must obtain a PWD from the DOL, which establishes the minimum wage that must be paid to the foreign worker.
  2. Filing of ETA Form 9089:
    • Application Submission: Upon completing recruitment and PWD, the employer files the ETA Form 9089. The “ETA 9089 processing time” refers to the duration it takes for the DOL to process this form.
  3. Post-Filing Stage:
    • Audit (If Applicable): Some applications are randomly selected for an audit, which can extend the processing time.
    • Final Determination: After processing, the DOL issues a decision on the PERM application.

In 2024, the “perm processing time” refers to the overall time it takes from the filing of ETA Form 9089 to the final decision by the DOL. This processing time can vary based on application complexity, DOL workload, and policy environments.

Dealing with PERM Waiting Time

The “perm waiting time” is the period from the start of the PERM process until the final decision. This waiting time can be a period of uncertainty for both employers and foreign workers. It’s essential to remain patient and stay updated on the application’s status.

Factors Influencing PERM Timelines

  1. Application Volume: Higher volumes of applications typically result in longer processing times.
  2. Accuracy of Application: Errors or omissions in the application can lead to delays or denials.
  3. DOL Policy Changes: Any changes in DOL policies or procedures can impact processing times.
  4. Technological Enhancements: Upgrades in DOL’s processing systems can either streamline or temporarily slow down the processing due to integration challenges.

Strategies for Navigating PERM Timelines

  1. Stay Informed: Regularly check the DOL website for updates on perm processing time 2024 and other relevant information.
  2. Prepare Accurate Applications: Ensure that all information on ETA Form 9089 and related documents is accurate and complete to avoid delays.
  3. Plan for Contingencies: Anticipate potential delays and have contingency plans, particularly for time-sensitive positions or personal circumstances.
  4. Seek Professional Advice: Consider consulting with immigration attorneys or experts for guidance through the PERM process.


Understanding the PERM timelines in 2024 is crucial for successfully navigating the employment-based green card process. The PERM process, from pre-filing to final determination, involves several stages, each with its own timeframe and potential challenges. By staying informed, preparing accurate applications, and anticipating potential delays, applicants and employers can effectively manage the PERM process. The journey through the PERM timelines requires patience, meticulous preparation, and an informed approach, ultimately leading to the successful attainment of a labor certification.